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Friday, 22 October 2021

How to Become a Civil Rights Attorney

Civil rights attorneys focus on countering discrimination against individuals or groups. If you want to be a civil rights lawyer, you should be passionate about civil rights issues and really want to dedicate your life to defending people against discrimination and civil rights infringement. The process for becoming a civil rights attorney is similar to becoming any other type of lawyer, but there are things you can do to set yourself up for success in the field. We’ve put together answers to common questions you might have about becoming a civil rights attorney.


[Edit]What does a civil rights attorney do?

  1. Legally protects people against discrimination and harassment. Specifically, against discrimination and harassment because of physical or mental disabilities, gender, gender identity, sexual orientation, race, religion, national origin, age, or status as a member of the armed forces. Additionally, they fight to protect civil liberties like the right to privacy and the freedoms of speech and expression, thought and conscience, religion, the press, and movement.[1]
    Become a Civil Rights Attorney Step 1.jpg
    • Civil rights attorneys are often passionate about a particular group or cause and specialize in this area of civil rights.
    • For example, you might choose to focus on African American civil rights or gender identity issues.

[Edit]How many years of college are required?

  1. Typically, it takes 7 years of university to become a civil rights lawyer. It usually takes 4 years to earn a bachelor’s degree. After you complete a 4-year undergraduate program you have to go to law school for 3 years.[2]
    Become a Civil Rights Attorney Step 2.jpg
    • You might be able to complete your undergraduate program in less than 4 years if you take more than the required number of credits each semester.
    • Law school programs don’t allow you to set your own pace, but you might be able to find an accelerated program that takes less than 3 years.

[Edit]What degree do you need to be a civil rights lawyer?

  1. A bachelor’s degree from any discipline. Law schools accept applicants with undergraduate degrees in any field. However, certain subjects like political science, history, criminal justice, and philosophy can make you more prepared for law school.[3]
    Become a Civil Rights Attorney Step 3.jpg
    • Choose courses in political science and history that cover civil rights issues to help you prepare for your future as a civil rights lawyer.
    • Courses that teach you problem solving, critical thinking, writing/editing, oral communication, research, and organization/management can also help prepare you for a career in law.[4]
  2. A Juris Doctor Law degree. This is the degree that you earn after successfully completing a law school program. After you earn your J.D. Law degree, you can take the BAR exam, which you must pass to become a practicing attorney.[5]
    Become a Civil Rights Attorney Step 4.jpg
    • While in law school, take courses in constitutional law, civil rights litigation, employment discrimination, race and the law, human rights law, education law, family law, and disability law to help prepare you for a career as civil rights attorney.
    • Joining legal clinics, participating in MOOT courts, and applying for internships with law firms or civil rights organizations while you’re in law school are great ways to gain hands-on experience before you graduate.[6]

[Edit]Where can I study civil rights law?

  1. Many law schools offer courses in various aspects of civil rights law. Look for law schools that offer many courses about countering discrimination against people on the basis of their race, color, gender, sexual orientation, religion, ethnicity, national origin, disability, age, or pregnancy. Choose a law school that makes sense for you in terms of cost and location.[7]
    Become a Civil Rights Attorney Step 5.jpg
    • Once you have an idea of a few law schools you might like to attend, look into them further to determine if they offer legal clinics in areas of civil rights laws. Attending a law school where you can get hands-on experience in the field can help you succeed even more upon graduation.[8]
    • Some law schools with renowned civil rights law programs include New York University College of Law, Yale University Law School, Columbia Law School, University of Virginia Law School, and University of Michigan Law School, to name a few.

[Edit]Do civil rights lawyers go to court?

  1. Yes, the job description includes presenting cases to judges and juries. However, civil rights lawyers do a lot more than just go to court. You’re responsibilities may also include deciphering laws and rulings for people or businesses, negotiating settlements, formulating legal briefs, and investigating legal data.[9]
    Become a Civil Rights Attorney Step 6.jpg
    • Keep in mind that as a civil rights attorney you may be tasked with handling high-profile court cases. You should be ready for the possibility of being in the public eye in such a case.

[Edit]Do civil rights lawyers make a lot of money?

  1. Civil rights attorneys typically make between $69,000 and $145,000 a year. This varies depending on whether your work in the private sector or in the non-profit sector, with non-profit civil rights attorneys earning less. Naturally, entry-level civil rights lawyers make less than more experienced lawyers.[10]
    Become a Civil Rights Attorney Step 7.jpg
    • There are many other fields of law in which you can make a similar amount of money, so you should get into civil rights lawyers because you care about the issues, not just for the money.

[Edit]Where do civil rights attorneys work?

  1. Non-profit civil rights organizations. After you finish law school and pass the BAR exam, one option is to search for openings at local, national, or international civil rights nonprofits. Check the websites of various organizations for job openings for civil rights attorneys or reach out to different nonprofits and let them know you’re interested in working for them.[11]
    Become a Civil Rights Attorney Step 8.jpg
    • Some top non-profit civil rights organizations in the U.S. include the American Association of People with Disabilities (AAPD), the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), the Anti-Defamation League (ADL), the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force (NGLTF), the National Organization for Women (NOW), and the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC).
    • Amnesty International is one of the most well-known international civil rights nonprofits.
  2. Government agencies. There are various government agencies that are dedicated to civil rights. If you think you might like working for the government, research job openings on their websites and apply if you see any for civil rights attorney positions.[12]
    Become a Civil Rights Attorney Step 9.jpg
    • For example, in the U.S. government there are federal offices of civil rights in many departments including education, agriculture, justice, commerce, and homeland security, to name a few.
    • You can find a full list of U.S. federal agency civil rights offices here: https://www.justice.gov/crt/fcs/Agency-OCR-Offices
  3. Public interest law firms with civil rights practices. If you’re interested in working for a law firm in the private sector, look for firms that specialize in public interests including civil rights. The primary mission of these firms is to help underrepresented people and causes, rather than just to make money.[13]
    Become a Civil Rights Attorney Step 10.jpg
    • Though these types of firms are still for-profit law firms, the way they choose clients is more selective and they often offer flexible payment options and take on pro-bono cases.


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How to Get a Good Workout with a Punching Bag

Working a punching bag burns a lot of calories, but it can be tough to figure out how to incorporate it into your routine. Even though it may seem a little intimidating to get started, using a punching bag is a great way to get fit and burn a lot of calories. We know that you’re probably wondering how to work a punching bag effectively, so keep reading to find answers to your most common questions!


[Edit]How long should I workout on a punching bag?

  1. Work up to 5 rounds that are around 3 minutes each. Working a bag can be tiring if you do it for too long, so try starting off with a 3-minute round throwing punches. If you can’t go the full 3 minutes, go for as long as you can before getting tired. After you finish your round, rest for 30 seconds or 1 minute before starting your next rounds. After 5 rounds, you’ll have completed an intense 15-minute workout.[1]
    Get a Good Workout with a Punching Bag Step 9.jpg
    • As you get more comfortable using a punching bag, try doing 4- or 5-minute rounds instead.

[Edit]What’s a good boxing routine to do on a punching bag?

  1. Warm up with 5 minutes of cardio and stretching. Go for a light jog, jump rope, or do jumping jacks to help raise your heart rate so you’re ready to work the punching bag. After doing some cardio, do some arm circles to loosen up your shoulders and forward bends to stretch out your back. Stretch your triceps and biceps as well so you don’t hurt yourself while you’re punching.[2]
    Get a Good Workout with a Punching Bag Step 1 Version 2.jpg
  2. Throw combinations of punches for at least 45 seconds before resting. You won’t get an effective workout just randomly punching the bag. Instead, focus on throwing 1 or 2 types of punches during the round, such as jabs, hooks, and uppercuts. Keep your core engaged and keep your feet moving so you stay active and work your entire body. After 45 seconds, take a break for 15–20 seconds. Some popular combinations you can try include:[3]
    Get a Good Workout with a Punching Bag Step 2.jpg
    • 1 jab with your left hand and 1 jab with your right.[4]
    • 2 jabs with your left hand and then 1 jab with your right hand.[5]
    • 1 jab followed by 1 uppercut.[6]
    • 1 jab followed by 1 hook.[7]
  3. Try out different combinations for 5 rounds. Change the types of punches you throw each round to add some variety to your workout. If you did only jabs in your first round, try adding in a hook or uppercut during the next one. After each round, take a short break before starting the next one. When you finish the 5th round, you’ve done a great workout.[8]
    Get a Good Workout with a Punching Bag Step 3.jpg
    • As you get more comfortable, try doing combinations of 4 or 5 punches. For example, throw 1 left jab, 1 right uppercut, 1 left hook, and finish with 1 right jab.[9]

[Edit]How can I increase the intensity of my workouts?

  1. Intersperse squats between boxing rounds to work legs and glutes. Rather than taking a short break when you finish your round of boxing, immediately transition into squats. Do as many squats as you can within 1 minute. After that, take a break for another minute before going into your next round.[10]
    Get a Good Workout with a Punching Bag Step 4 Version 2.jpg
    • Make the routine a little bit harder by throwing your combination followed by a squat. For example, you could jab twice, do 1 squat, and continue repeating that for the full 45–60-second round.[11]
  2. Keep your heart rate up with jumping jacks and high knees. After you finish up your punching combinations, transition into these great cardio exercises. Try to do as many as you can within 1 minute before going back to work the bag. Only rest when you feel the need to so your routine stays high-intensity and burns more calories.[12]
    Get a Good Workout with a Punching Bag Step 5.jpg
  3. Incorporate push-ups if you want to work your upper body more. Get into a plank position and perform 1 push-up. When you reach the top of the push-up, reach one arm out and punch the bag. Then, do another push-up but punch with your other arm. Continue alternating which arm you punch with for 1 minute or until you feel tired out.[13]
    Get a Good Workout with a Punching Bag Step 6 Version 2.jpg

[Edit]How do I burn more calories punching a heavy bag?

  1. Alternate which arms you’re throwing punches with. If you’re just starting off on a punching bag, just switch arms after each punch to improve your form and keep a consistent rhythm. Once you start feeling comfortable, try switching to combinations of 2–3 punches, such as left-right-left or right-left-left, to add some variation. Use a little more power on the last punch in combo to add some intensity to your workout.[14]
    Get a Good Workout with a Punching Bag Step 7 Version 2.jpg
    • When you throw a punch, keep your other hand up in front of or to the side of your face to maintain a defensive stance.
    • Don’t let your arm drop down after you land your last punch. Always bring it back up in front of your face as if you were defending against another person.
  2. Move around the bag in between your punches. While you should keep your feet planted while you’re throwing punches, stay light on your feet after your last hit. Try moving in the same direction as the arm you last punched with, so you’d move left if you landed a punch with your left hand. Keep shuffling around the bag throughout your entire workout so can practice punching from new angles.[15]
    Get a Good Workout with a Punching Bag Step 8.jpg
    • If the bag swings back toward you, practice taking steps back or to the side so you maintain the same distance from it.

[Edit]Is it okay to hit the punching bag every day?

  1. Take at least 1 day to rest in between bag workouts. Your muscles need time to rest and recover so you don’t damage them. After you do a workout on a punching bag, take a day to rest or do some lighter activities, such as jogging or running. You can even work a different muscle group, such as your chest or back, on your rest days so you don’t overwork your arms or legs.[16]
    Get a Good Workout with a Punching Bag Step 11.jpg

[Edit]Can I hit a punching bag without gloves?

  1. Use hand wraps and gloves to prevent injuries if you’re a beginner. Punching bags are a lot heavier and denser than you think, and you can seriously hurt your hands and wrists if you aren’t careful. Wind some hand wraps around your wrists and between your fingers to stabilize them. Then put on a pair of boxing gloves that fit you well for additional padding.[17]
    Get a Good Workout with a Punching Bag Step 7.jpg
    • Punching a bag without gloves could bruise your knuckles and cause skin tears, and you may have to wait a few weeks before you can safely workout on a bag again.
  2. You can throw less powerful punches without gloves to improve form. If you have a little more experience on the bag, it’s a little easier to control how hard you hit it without gloves.[18] As you throw a punch, focus on your accuracy and pull your fist back as soon as you hit the bag so you don’t hurt yourself.[19]
    Get a Good Workout with a Punching Bag Step 12 Version 2.jpg
    • Practicing without gloves can also help strengthen your knuckles, forearms, and wrists.

[Edit]How do I hit a punching bag correctly?

  1. Plant your feet shoulder-width apart so they’re at an angle. Turn your body at an angle so your front shoulder points toward the bag. Point your toes on the foot closest to the bag so they’re at a 45-degree angle to the punching bag. Position your foot furthest from the bag so they’re turned to the side. Line up the toes on your front foot with the heel of your back foot. Keep your knees bent and your weight on the balls of your feet.[20]
    Get a Good Workout with a Punching Bag Step 1.jpg
    • Foot placement is important since it gives you more punching power and helps you stay balanced while you’re boxing.
  2. Twist at the hips and straighten your arm. Press your weight down into the balls of your feet and start turning your hips toward the bag. Start with your knuckles pointing up and start extending your arm straight out. As you’re reaching your arm out, turn your fist so your knuckles point toward the bag.[21]
    Get a Good Workout with a Punching Bag Step 14.jpg
    • Try practicing the movement slow when you’re first starting off so you maintain proper form.
  3. Keep your body still when you hit the bag. If you move your head backwards each time you punch the bag, you aren’t getting as much power as you could. Stand far enough away from the bag so your arm is almost fully outstretched when you land a punch. Maintain your balance and try to push the bag away from you without moving backward.[22]
    Get a Good Workout with a Punching Bag Step 15.jpg
    • If you’re consistently having trouble moving back as you punch, try switching to a lighter bag.
    • It might be hard to notice if you’re moving backward if you’re working out on your own. Ask a partner or a trainer to watch your form to see if you’re hitting the bag correctly.

[Edit]How do I kick a kickboxing bag?

  1. Plant your non-dominant leg as a pivot point. Your non-dominant foot is usually on the opposite side of your body as the hand you use to write. Stand just out of reach from the bag and turn your body so your non-dominant foot is in front. Keep your leg straight and turn your foot so it points away from the bag.[23]
    Get a Good Workout with a Punching Bag Step 16.jpg
    • For example, if you’re right-handed, keep your left leg in front.
  2. Turn your entire body to add power to your kick. Most of your kicking power actually comes from the rest of your body instead of your legs. Push your weight off of your dominant foot so you’re supporting yourself with your non-dominant leg. Twist your upper body and hips toward the bag and raise your back leg up to start your kick.[24]
    Get a Good Workout with a Punching Bag Step 17.jpg
    • Start practicing your kicks slowly so you can work on your form and balance.
  3. Hit the bag with your shin instead of your foot. Punching bags can be a little heavier on the bottom, so you could break the bones in your foot. Instead, try to land your kick with the middle of your shinbone since it’s a lot stronger. Follow through with your kick so you hit with all of your power.[25]
    Get a Good Workout with a Punching Bag Step 18.jpg
    • Throw in some kicks in between punches while you’re working the bag.
    • Try kicking the bag at different heights to add some variation to your workout.
    • It still might hurt a bit even when you hit the bag with your shin. If you’re in pain, start with some lighter kicks and work up your tolerance.

[Edit]How hard should I hit a punching bag?

  1. Focus on your speed and technique instead of power. Using all of your strength during a punch can make your form sloppy, slow you down, and tire you out faster. Rather than using 100% of your power, work on landing lighter jabs that are faster and maintaining the proper form.[26]
    Get a Good Workout with a Punching Bag Step 6.jpg
    • Even though the bag should move a little bit after each punch, you shouldn’t try to make it swing wildly.

[Edit]Can I lose weight by hitting a punching bag?

  1. Yes you can since training on a bag tones your body and builds muscle. Working a punching bag for an hour can burn 450 calories, so it’s a great cardio workout to help you burn fat. Try working with heavier bags since they have more resistance and use up more of your energy.[27]
    Get a Good Workout with a Punching Bag Step 10.jpg
    • Incorporate other cardio exercises and strength-training exercises into your workout routine to help you lose weight even faster.


  • Work with a trainer or partner to help maintain proper form and develop good punching techniques.
  • Pretend like the bag is another person you’re sparring with so you practice your footwork and good defensive techniques.[28]


  • Avoid punching the bag with full power since it affects your form and could cause injuries if you aren’t wearing gloves.[29]

[Edit]Related wikiHows


[Edit]Quick Summary

  1. https://youtu.be/zDoKRPGue7M?t=29
  2. https://www.muscleandfitness.com/routine/muscle-fitness-hers/hers-workouts/30-min-heavy-bag-hiit-workout-0/
  3. https://seniorslifestylemag.com/health-well-being/punching-bag-workout-tips-for-senior-stress-relief/
  4. https://www.muscleandfitness.com/routine/muscle-fitness-hers/hers-workouts/30-min-heavy-bag-hiit-workout-0/
  5. https://youtu.be/kbgkeTTSau8?t=135
  6. https://humblechallenger.com/punching-bag-workouts-women/
  7. https://youtu.be/fqeXxytdi3I?t=339
  8. https://youtu.be/kbgkeTTSau8?t=410
  9. https://expertboxing.com/7-basic-boxing-combinations
  10. https://www.stack.com/a/heavy-bag-workouts
  11. https://seniorslifestylemag.com/health-well-being/punching-bag-workout-tips-for-senior-stress-relief/
  12. https://humblechallenger.com/punching-bag-workouts-women/
  13. https://www.stack.com/a/heavy-bag-workouts
  14. https://youtu.be/zDoKRPGue7M?t=329
  15. https://youtu.be/zDoKRPGue7M?t=62
  16. https://shortboxing.com/boxing-everyday/
  17. https://blog.ringside.com/why-hand-wraps-are-crucial-for-boxers/
  18. https://youtu.be/NBbGtIHJJGg?t=245
  19. https://fighterculture.com/punching-heavy-bag-without-gloves/
  20. https://expertboxing.com/the-perfect-boxing-stance
  21. https://www.muscleandfitness.com/workouts/workout-tips/knuckle-learn-how-throw-punch-pro/
  22. https://youtu.be/57bmoqH1Dxs?t=94
  23. https://youtu.be/r1x-LrAnS10?t=61
  24. https://youtu.be/PMT1wfXiwP8?t=349
  25. https://youtu.be/r1x-LrAnS10?t=149
  26. https://blog.ringside.com/bagwork-fundamentals/
  27. https://fighterculture.com/can-you-lose-weight-with-punching-bag/
  28. [v161103_b04]. 30 July 2019.
  29. https://fighterculture.com/punching-heavy-bag-without-gloves/

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How to Watch Star Wars on Command Prompt

This wikiHow teaches you how to watch an animated version of Star Wars rendered entirely in ASCII characters (by folks with a lot of free time) using the telnet command on your computer. As of 2021, the server hosting the ASCII version of Star Wars isn't online as much as it used to be, but don't worry—if you're really wanting to watch the ASCII-animated version of Star Wars, you can always view the java version on the original creator's website!



  1. Open the Command Prompt. The easiest way to do this is to press Windows key + S to activate the search bar, type , and then click Command Prompt in the search results.
    Watch Star Wars on Command Prompt Step 1 Version 4.jpg
    • If you're not already connected to the internet, make sure you do so before you continue.
  2. Check to see if telnet is installed. Telnet is a tool used to make connections to remote servers. Because telnet isn't as widely used as it used to be (and more secure options exist), it no longer comes preinstalled on most Windows systems. To find out if you already have telnet:
    Watch Star Wars on Command Prompt Step 2 Version 4.jpg
    • Type at the command prompt and press Enter.
    • If you see "Welcome to Microsoft Telnet Client" and a prompt that begins with , you already have telnet. For now, just type a and press Enter to quit telnet and return to the prompt.
    • If you see an error that says "'telnet' is not recognized as an internal or external command, operable program or batch file," you must install telnet.
  3. Install telnet if it's not installed. If you already have telnet, skip to the next step. If not, here's how you can easily install it:
    Watch Star Wars on Command Prompt Step 3 Version 4.jpg
    • Right-click the Windows Start menu and select Apps and Features.[1]
    • Click Optional features in the right panel (under "Apps & features").
    • Scroll down and click More Windows features at the bottom.
    • Check the box next to "Telnet Client" and click OK.
    • Close and re-open the Command Prompt.
  4. Type at the prompt and press . This opens the telnet interface.
    Watch Star Wars on Command Prompt Step 4 Version 4.jpg
  5. Type and press . "O" stands for "open," and this command tells telnet to open a connection. The command line will change to .
    Watch Star Wars on Command Prompt Step 5 Version 4.jpg
  6. Type and press . This connects you to the server that hosts the Star Wars animation. After rolling some credits, the movie will begin!
    Watch Star Wars on Command Prompt Step 6 Version 2.jpg
    • To stop the animation and exit telnet, press Ctrl + ].
    • If the server hosting the Star Wars animation is down, you will receive an error when trying to connect. Sadly, the server is not up as often as it used to be. If you see an error that says "Could not open connection to the host, on port 23: Connect failed," the server is not currently accepting connections. You can still watch the movie in your web browser at http://www.asciimation.co.nz/index.php.


  1. Open Terminal on your Mac. An easy way to do this is to click the Launchpad icon on the dock (it's a rocketship icon on some versions of macOS, and multicolored squares on more recent versions), type , and then click the Terminal icon.[2]
    Watch Star Wars on Command Prompt Step 7 Version 2.jpg
    • You can also open Terminal in Finder—just open the Applications folder, double-click the Utilities folder, and then double-click Terminal.
  2. Install Homebrew. As of macOS Mojave, telnet is no longer installed by default. To install it quickly and easily, you can use Homebrew. Here's how:
    Watch Star Wars on Command Prompt Step 8 Version 2.jpg
    • If you're not already connected to the internet, make sure you do so before you continue.
    • Type this at the prompt: .[3]
    • Press Return.
    • Follow the on-screen instructions to install Homebrew.
  3. Type and press . This installs telnet on your Mac.
    Watch Star Wars on Command Prompt Step 9 Version 2.jpg
  4. Type and press . This opens telnet.
    Watch Star Wars on Command Prompt Step 10 Version 2.jpg
  5. Type and press . This is the command to open a Telnet connection (the "o" stands for "open").
    Watch Star Wars on Command Prompt Step 11.jpg
  6. Type and press . This opens a connection to the host that hosts the Star Wars animation. After some opening credits, the movie will begin to play.
    Watch Star Wars on Command Prompt Step 12.jpg
    • To stop the animation and exit telnet, press Ctrl + C.
    • Sadly, the Star Wars animation server is down a lot more often than it used to be. If you see an error that says "Could not open connection to the host, on port 23: Connect failed," the server is not currently accepting connections. You can still watch the movie in your web browser at http://www.asciimation.co.nz/index.php.



  • If the server is down when you try to connect, try again later—it tends to go up and down.
  • The original creator of ASCII Star Wars began the project in 1997, and completed it in 2015.[4]Although the term "completed" isn't totally true—only about half of the original Star Wars movie is included in the animation.

[Edit]Related wikiHows

[Edit]Quick Summary

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Thursday, 21 October 2021

How to Dry Out a Phone Without Rice

If you've dropped your phone in liquid and need to dry it out, you've likely heard about submerging it in uncooked instant rice. But what if you don't have instant rice on hand? This wikiHow teaches you how to effectively dry out your wet phone when instant rice is not an option. Before using a drying agent like crystal cat litter, desiccant packets, instant oatmeal, or instant couscous, you'll need to power down your phone, remove any removable components, and remove as much liquid as you can with a clean cloth.


[Edit]Before Using a Drying Agent

  1. Pull your phone out of the water immediately. Whether you’ve dropped your phone in the toilet, bathtub, or a lake, the first step is to get it out of the water ASAP. The longer you leave your phone in the water, the more water it will absorb, and the more potential for damage.[1]
    Dry Out a Phone Without Rice Step 5.jpg
    • If the phone was plugged in to a charger when it got wet, unplug the charger from both the phone and the wall. Be extremely careful not to get any water near the wall socket or any other electrical devices.
    • Many modern smartphones, including all iPhones beginning with iPhone 7, are actually water-resistant.[2] However, some models can handle more water exposure than others. Even if your phone is water-resistant, you can still use these methods to dry your phone without harm. Each water-resistant phone has a special rating that describes how much water it can handle:
      • Phones with the IP68 rating can be submerged more deeply for a longer period of time.[3] iPhone XS, XS Max, all iPhone 11 models, all iPhone 12 models, Samsung Galaxy S21 Ultra, and Samsung Galaxy S20 FE are rated IP68, and can be submerged for up to 30 minutes at various depths.
        • iPhone XS/Max and iPhone 11 can be submerged in up to 2 meters of water.
        • iPhone 11 Pro and Pro Max can handle being submerged in up to 4 meters of water.
        • All iPhone 12 models can be submerged up to 6 meters.
        • Samsung Galaxy S21 Ultra and Galaxy S20 FE can be submerged in up to 1.5 meters of water.[4]
      • Phones rated IP67 (iPhone SE 2nd Generation, and all models of iPhone 7, 8, X, and XR) can be submerged in up to one meter of water.
  2. Power off the phone immediately. Don't try to open apps to see if it's working—just turn it off as quickly as possible.
    Dry Out a Phone Without Rice Step 2 Version 2.jpg
  3. Remove the case, battery, and other components. If there's a case on your phone, take it off right away. Then, if you have a removable battery (some phones still do), remove the battery cover and take the battery out. Remove your SIM card(s), as well as any SD cards.[5] Anything that remains connected to your phone can become damaged by water, as well as trap water inside.
    Dry Out a Phone Without Rice Step 6.jpg
    • The interior components are crucial to the phone’s functions. If they get saturated with water, the phone won’t work.
  4. Use a lint-free towel to dry off as much as you can. Wipe every part of the phone with clean, dry, lint-free towel until you've removed all of the moisture that you can. If water is still dripping off, you could blow it away from the phone with your mouth or shake it back and forth. You should only rely on drying agents to remove residual moisture that’s worked its way into the components of your phone. Take your time—the more water you can remove with a cloth, the better off you'll be.
    Dry Out a Phone Without Rice Step 7.jpg
    • If you don't have a lint-free towel (such as a microfiber rag or eyeglass cleaning cloth), you could use standard paper towels or wash cloths.
    • You could also shake the phone rapidly back and forth through the air.
  5. Suck additional water out with a vacuum. If you have access to a wet/dry vaccum like a Shop Vac, you can use it to suck additional water out of the phone.[6] Other vacuums may work—just makes sure the vacuum you use won't short out if it gets wet.
    Dry Out a Phone Without Rice Step 5 Version 2.jpg
    • An air compressor set to a low psi could also be helpful in the absence of a vacuum.[7] Just don't set the psi too high, as it could damage your phone.
    • If you have a can of compressed air, you can use it to blow water out of cracks and seams in the phone's exterior.
    • Do not use a blow dryer or place the phone in an oven. Excessive heat can damage your phone beyond repair.

[Edit]Select a Drying Agent

  1. Crystal-based cat litter. Crystal cat litter is made of silica gel—the same stuff that comes in those packets labeled "Do Not Eat" (more on those soon). Silica gel is extremely absorptive and will do an excellent job of pulling residual moisture out of a water-damaged phone. You can purchase crystal cat litter at nearly any grocery store or pet-supply shop.[8] Make sure to get a container that's at least 4 cups, or 1 to 2 quarts.
    Dry Out a Phone Without Rice Step 1.jpg
    • Do not use any other type of cat litter. Clay-based or powdery litters will stick to your phone and turn it into a wet, clay-covered mess.
  2. Instant oatmeal. Instant oatmeal is more absorptive than regular rolled oats and more much absorptive than steel-cut oats.[9] If you already have instant oatmeal in your home cabinet, it may be the most effective substance you can use to dry your phone. Just be aware that if you use oatmeal to dry your phone components, you may end up with a phone covered in small, gooey bits of oatmeal dust. Purchase a container of unflavored instant oatmeal at your local grocery store.
    Dry Out a Phone Without Rice Step 2.jpg
    • If you don't have instant oatmeal, regular rolled oats could be a decent (yet less effective) substitution. You may need to leave the phone in rolled oats for a day longer than instant oatmeal. Just don't try steel cut, as they take forever to absorb liquid.
  3. Synthetic desiccant packets. Synthetic desiccant packets are those packets that come in various commercial items including shoe boxes, dried foods (like beef jerky or spices), pill bottles, and electronics. Yes, the ones that say "Do not eat!" The packets are filled with highly absorptive silica beads (just like crystal cat litter), which will pull moisture out of your phone. You do not need to tear open the packets. Simply pile them up on top of your phone and let them pull the moisture out.
    Dry Out a Phone Without Rice Step 3.jpg
    • This option will only work if you’ve been saving up silica gel packets in advance for several months, or have purchased bulk packets. One or two packets won't cut it—you'll need enough to cover your phone completely.
  4. Instant couscous pearls. It's important that if you try using couscous, you're using the instant variety—instant couscous (like instant rice) is pre-steamed, which makes it more porous and able to absorb moisture.[10] The small, dry grains will work similarly to instant rice, silica beads, and instant oatmeal to pull residual moisture out of your phone. You can buy instant couscous at any grocery store or supermarket.
    Dry Out a Phone Without Rice Step 9 Version 2.jpg
    • The larger sized couscous pearls (often called "Israeli couscous") won't get dust on your phone's components, and are large enough to not get stuck in any ports or openings. If you use standard couscous (the extremely small grains), you risk getting couscous stuck inside of your phone.
    • Be sure to purchase an unflavored and unseasoned variety of couscous.

[Edit]Using Your Drying Agent

  1. Place your phone and components in a sized container. If you’re going to cover your phone with a drying agent, you’ll need quite a bit of the substance you chose. So, look in your cabinets and pull out a large empty pitcher, a big mixing bowl, or a large saucepan. A clean, dry bucket will also work. Set all of the disassembled components of your phone into the bottom.
    Dry Out a Phone Without Rice Step 8.jpg
    • You can leave out the phone plastic back cover, as it will air dry easily.
  2. Pour at least 4 cups (340 grams) of drying agent over your phone. Don’t be stingy with whatever drying agent you chose. You’ll need a substantial amount of it to pull the last remnants of water out of your phone’s electrical components.
    Dry Out a Phone Without Rice Step 9.jpg
    • Put a lid over the container if you’re using an inedible drying agent like silica gel.
  3. Leave the phone in the container to dry for 2–3 days. It takes time for your phone to dry out to the point that it’s usable again. Let it sit in the drying agent for at least 48 hours.[11] If you pull the phone out prematurely, you’ll end up reassembling it with water still lodged inside.
    Dry Out a Phone Without Rice Step 10.jpg
    • If you need to use your phone during this time, you could ask a friend if you can briefly borrow their phone—it's really important to wait this process out.
  4. Remove your phone from the drying agent after 48-72 hours. Depending on the drying agent you chose, your phone may be dusty or dirty now. Clean it off with a dry, lint-free cloth, and make sure there's no remaining moisture.
    Dry Out a Phone Without Rice Step 13.jpg
    • If the phone is not dry, wait another 24 hours. Do not continue if the phone is still wet!
  5. Reassemble your phone and try turning it on. Once the phone is dry, reconnect the battery (if removable), and turn your phone back on. Try it first without the SIM and/or SD cards inserted. If it starts up okay, you can reinsert the SIM and/or SD cards.
    Dry Out a Phone Without Rice Step 11.jpg
    • If the phone won’t turn on after you’ve dried it—or if it turns on but barely works or the screen has been damaged—you’ll need to take it to a professional phone-repair company.


  • TekDry, which offers 30-minute phone drying, is a service available at various Staples stores around the United States. If TekDry doesn't revive your phone, you won't have to pay anything. See https://www.tekdry.com/find-a-store/ to find a Staples with TekDry in your area.
  • If you do not have a drying agent, leave your phone in a cool room with a fan blowing on it.
  • If you're using an Android, you may be able to open up the phone to expose its insides. In some cases, all you'll need to use is a fingernail—other models may require a small Phillips screwdriver, like you’d use for a pair of eyeglasses.


[Edit]Quick Summary

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