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Sunday, 14 August 2022

How to Babysit Multiple Children

Babysitting is a popular job for both teens and adults as it can be a great way to make a little extra money. While it may seem a little intimidating at first, especially to someone who has never done it before, it's simple to get the hang of with practice. Every child is different, and whether you’re watching a multitude of them or just one, it can be a rewarding experience.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Planning Ahead

  1. Learn the basics about the children. At a minimum, learn their ages and pronouns. A 12-year-old girl, 7-year-old boy, and 3-year-old girl, for example, will all have different interests, different dietary needs, different things they are allowed to do at home, and different bedtimes. Knowing these things will help you plan out activities appropriate for everyone.
    Babysit Multiple Children Step 1 Version 3.jpg
    • You could ask the parents something like, “So you have 2 little boys that are 4 and 10. Do they have the same bedtime or is it okay for the older boy to stay up a little later?” Or “do they share similar interests? What do they like to do most of the time?”
    • During your first conversation with parents, don’t fret about how to ask questions to get the information you need. Parents will most likely be expecting you to ask these questions and may even offer the information without prompting.
    • If you feel awkward asking in the moment, simply review the information the parents gave you and then ask your questions afterward.
    • Take note during the conversation and write down important information, such as if the children have allergies or medical issues, where medications and a first-aid kit are kept, and any relevant phone numbers.
  2. Meet the children. Children are much more likely to be comfortable and behave properly if they are already familiar with you. If you can, try to visit with them for an hour or two a day or so before babysitting. This will also help you get a feel for their individual personalities and how they respond to you and each other.[1]
    Babysit Multiple Children Step 2 Version 3.jpg
    • If you can’t meet with them a few days beforehand, see if it’s possible for you to come over an hour or so before you are set to babysit. This way the kids can spend some time with you with the buffer of their parents to make them feel safer.
  3. Discuss what the parents expect of you. Many parents will go over bedtimes, dietary habits, allergies, medicines, and dos and don’ts for their children when you arrive.[2] For example, many children have a set bedtime and a routine beforehand, or certain idiosyncrasies like having to have a particular bowl for dinner. Knowing these things will not only help the child feel more comfortable but also help you feel more concrete in directing them if they try to question you or start complaining.[3]
    Babysit Multiple Children Step 3 Version 3.jpg
    • Be sure to ask questions if you still feel unsure when discussing these things with a parent.
    • You can also make a list to go back over later in case you forget anything.
    • Remember, if you feel a parent is asking for more than you’re comfortable with, you can always turn down the job.
  4. Discuss discipline.[4] Though you are likely to have your own ideas and way of managing behavioral problems, it’s always best to first ask a parent what to do if their child is acting up. Chances are they will tell you before you even get to this question. However, keep in mind that children act in different ways for different people, and any problems they have when their parents are around may be different than what they do with you.[5] So make sure you are clear on rules and expectations for disciplining their children.
    Babysit Multiple Children Step 4 Version 3.jpg
    • Asking about discipline can feel awkward, almost like you're assuming the children will do something wrong, but don't worry! A simple, “What is your approach to discipline?” or "Just in case, is there any particular way you'd like me to handle behavioral issues?" avoids assumptions and gives the parents a chance to explain their approach.[6]
  5. Get emergency information. You should get the emergency contact information from the parents. For example, if you can’t reach the parents on their cell phones, can you call the place they are going or someone else to help you? The parents should have a list of numbers for you before they leave.
    Babysit Multiple Children Step 5 Version 3.jpg
    • Before you start babysitting it’s also good to know the first aid basics like how to do CPR or the heimlich maneuver just make sure you are familiar with the procedures appropriate for the age group you’re watching.[7]
    • It’s best to take a babysitting course from the American Red Cross or another reputable organization so you are prepared for various scenarios.[8]

[Edit]Doing Group Activities

  1. Go outside. This is especially good for younger children who may need to work off excess energy. Whether going to a park or just to the backyard, there are plenty of outdoor activities that you can do together. Try visiting a playground, taking a walk, or even kicking a soccer ball around. Just make sure you check with the parents before taking the children to a park or anywhere else.
    Babysit Multiple Children Step 6 Version 3.jpg
    • Be sure you pay very close attention to the kids when you are outside! It can be easy for them to wander off, especially in a park with lots of other children. Try to make sure you keep them in sight at all times and do a regular headcount.
  2. Play a physical game. These can be done outside or inside and are another great way to burn off energy. Try something like Red Light/Green Light, Simon Says, Tag, or Hide and Seek to get everyone involved. Letting kids take the lead in Simon Says or Red Light/Green Light is also a great way to keep them interested.[9]
    Babysit Multiple Children Step 7 Version 3.jpg
  3. Build a fort. Let the kids plan it out with some direction. You can also have them direct you as you get materials together and start building. This is a great way to engage everyone and let the kids be creative. You won’t need to purchase any excess materials, all you need is pillows and blankets. Of course, you are free to use any other building material like cardboard boxes, towels, couches, and tables. Just make sure you know what you are allowed to use and that you clean everything up afterward.[10]
    Babysit Multiple Children Step 8 Version 2.jpg
  4. Create an obstacle course. Like building a fort, creating an obstacle course is a great way to get everyone working together. Young kids also often like competition, so having them compete against each other or against you will help them engage and be interested in the activity. All you need for this is the same material you need for a fort - pillows, couches, and blankets. Just make sure you have the extra space and anything the kids can hurt themselves with is moved away.[11]
    Babysit Multiple Children Step 9 Version 2.jpg
    • Try putting down some tape for a “balance beam,” or to mark off spots where they have to jump from one area to another. You can also have them crawl under tables or through boxes, throw crumpled paper into laundry baskets, or even try walking backward. Get creative! [12]
    • For even more space, try doing this outside.
  5. Make a scavenger hunt. This can be easy or difficult depending on how old the kids are and how much time you want to put in. You can use anything in the household or bring your own material for the kids. Ideally, you want it to be easy enough for them to understand, yet challenging enough to keep them interested. For younger kids, you can use pictures instead of written clues, and for older kids, you can try simple riddles.
    Babysit Multiple Children Step 10 Version 2.jpg
    • Write things like “find one gray and white sock,” or “bring me two red pens.”
    • For riddles, try something like “I’m tall when I’m young and short when I’m old,” for a candle/pencil.
    • Make sure to include some prizes at the end for motivation. These can be anything from stickers to candy.
  6. Try painting, drawing, or coloring. If you don’t want the kids running all over the place and potentially screaming, try a calmer activity like arts and crafts. Most kids love to draw and color, so bringing an assortment of pens, colored pencils, crayons, and stock paper can go a long way. You can also bring a couple of coloring books.[13]
    Babysit Multiple Children Step 11 Version 2.jpg
    • If you know the kids’ interests, you can bring coloring books of things they like. For example, a coloring book on Disney’s Frozen or one of cars.
    • You can also search online for coloring material. The Disney website, for example, has a number of crafts and coloring projects based on their movies. Most of these are free for printing, however, some websites will require you to pay or join to get the material.
  7. Have a dance party. Most children love sing-alongs, and if you get up and dance they are likely to move right along with you. You can even let them help you decide on a playlist, that way you are sure to have the music they like.
    Babysit Multiple Children Step 12 Version 2.jpg
    • If you have enough people, you can even turn the dance party into a game of musical chairs.
  8. Play board games, cards, or build a puzzle. These are great for varying age groups. If you have a mix of ages, the older kids can help the younger ones play or you can split into teams.[14] This is also a great way to keep everyone at one table or area so you can watch them.
    Babysit Multiple Children Step 13 Version 2.jpg
    • Easy board games like Hungry, Hungry Hippos, Sorry, Uno, or Connect Four are great for all ages. Games like Clue, Pictionary, Monopoly, or Battleship work well for older children.

[Edit]Doing Individual Activities

  1. Try coloring or drawing. This works as both a group and individual activity. A few markers or crayons and some sheets of paper are all you need. You can also purchase coloring books cheaply from somewhere like Toys R’ Us or Target. This is a good way to keep one of the children still so you can monitor them while you do something else with the other child.[15]
    Babysit Multiple Children Step 14 Version 2.jpg
  2. Bring puzzle books. There are a variety of puzzle books for kids of all ages. You can have simple mazes for children or something harder like Sudoku for older children. If neither of these works, there are also dot-to-dot books, trivia books, and even origami books. These are great for children to work on alone or with each other.
    Babysit Multiple Children Step 15 Version 2.jpg
  3. Let the child pick out a book. Even if they can't read yet, some children are happy to sit looking at a picture book. For older kids, letting them read a book, magazine, or comic book is a good way to make sure they’re happy while you are doing something else. Also, depending on the variation in ages, you can have the older children read to the younger ones.
    Babysit Multiple Children Step 16 Version 2.jpg
  4. Try building games. Not only can children build whatever they want with building games like LEGOS, there are also specific instructions to make things like buildings, cars, or flying crafts. If you don't want to use LEGOS, you can also try building with K’nex or Lincoln Logs.
    Babysit Multiple Children Step 17 Version 2.jpg
    • If there aren’t any of these materials in the home, try looking somewhere like eBay or a secondhand store to get them cheaper.
    • If you can’t purchase these materials yourself and are regularly watching a child or children who you think would enjoy them, try discussing buying these with the parents. They may be willing to pay for them.

[Edit]Managing Problems

  1. Treat the children equally.[16] If you’ve brought a toy or a snack for one of the children, you should have the same (or a more appropriate equivalent) for all of them. If you don’t, you may run into discipline problems.[17]
    Babysit Multiple Children Step 18 Version 2.jpg
    • If a child insists that one of the other children got more or something better, have that child divide the items and then let the other child have first pick. This will usually appease both children and make sure it’s still fair all around.
  2. Separate the children if they can’t get along. You don’t want conflicts to escalate. Having activities for each of the children to do will make it easier to keep them occupied in this case. If discipline is necessary, review the parents' instructions or use your best judgment.
    Babysit Multiple Children Step 19 Version 2.jpg
    • Try placing the children at opposite ends of the room or in different rooms where you can monitor both. You can either give them a quiet activity like drawing to do alone or simply have them sit quietly for 5-10 minutes. You can even have them write an apology for what they did wrong.
    • You should always make sure to explain to a child calmly what they did wrong and why they are being punished.
  3. Be patient and set a good example.[18] Since children's needs can vary widely from age to age, you may often find yourself being pulled in different directions at once. Keep your cool. The older children may get frustrated with the younger children due to their differences in cognitive ability, and you have to set the example for the right way to treat them.[19]
    Babysit Multiple Children Step 20 Version 2.jpg
    • Always calmly answer any questions that arise to the best of your ability - younger kids ask a lot.
    • Realize that the children are always watching you. Don't set a good example only when you're dealing with a tantrum.[20]
    • You also shouldn’t rush through activities if the younger kids are taking a while. If the older children become frustrated, either have them move onto something else or ask them to help you with the younger kids instead.
  4. Place yourself somewhere you can see everything. If each of the children is doing a different activity, try to move yourself somewhere where you can watch them both. If this isn't possible, try to at least move them into the same room. For example, if one child wants to play a video game in the game room and another child wants to color, see if you can have the one child color in the game room.
    Babysit Multiple Children Step 21 Version 2.jpg
    • You should always maintain sight and sound supervision of every child in your care.
  5. Have the older kids help you monitor the younger ones. Give them some responsibilities by clarifying that they are older and thus more capable and responsible. It’s likely that they're used to doing this as they may be older siblings anyways, or used to being with younger children. Also, most little kids look up to their siblings or older ones and will want to do what they are doing.
    Babysit Multiple Children Step 22 Version 2.jpg
    • Try to ask them for help rather than simply telling them to help. Simply say, “Hey, could you help Jade with her drawing?” or “Could you please help me run the kids through this activity?”

[Edit]Tips

  • Be flexible! Children's temperaments and wants can change quickly, so be patient and willing to change course if you need to.
  • Ask questions, don't worry about asking too much when speaking with parents, it's better to get all the information you can.
  • Don't go crazy or get sad if the kid(s) don't like your games.
  • Younger kids, especially boys, like to get praised and encouraged. Do not forget this when communicating with them.
  • Watch what you tell the kids. If you hear a child call you a funny name, chuckle and say,"You silly goose!" or whatever. If you say something such as stupid, rude, brat, etc., they may pick that up (especially the younger kids) and may use those words around their siblings or parents.

[Edit]References



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How to Cook Ground Turkey

Ground turkey is a low-fat, healthy alternative to ground beef. Cooked correctly, it has a hearty, satisfying flavor that tastes great by itself or in soups and pasta dishes. Learn how to cook ground turkey by itself, in the form of burgers, or in the form of meatballs.

[Edit]Ingredients

[Edit]Plain Ground Turkey

  • 1 1/2 pounds ground turkey
  • Olive oil

[Edit]Grilled Turkey Burgers

  • 1 1/2 pounds ground turkey
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 1/2 teaspoon garlic powder
  • 1/2 teaspoon ground black pepper
  • 1/4 teaspoon cayenne pepper
  • 1 tablespoon olive oil

[Edit]Baked Turkey Meatballs

  • 1 1/2 pounds ground turkey
  • 1 egg
  • 3/4 cup bread crumbs
  • 1/4 cup chopped parsley
  • 2 cloves garlic, diced
  • 1/2 cup onion, diced
  • 1 1/2 tablespoons tomato paste
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 1 teaspoon pepper

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Plain Ground Turkey

  1. Heat a skillet. Put the skillet over medium heat for at least five minutes before you start, so it gets entirely heated.
    Cook Ground Turkey Step 1 Version 5.jpg
  2. Remove the ground turkey from the packaging and blot it dry with a paper towel. Removing excess surface moisture will help the meat to brown.

  3. Add two tablespoons of vegetable or olive oil to the skillet.

  4. Break the meat into bite-size chunks and drop the chunks one at a time into the skillet. Make sure there's some space between the pieces so they aren't crowded together.

  5. Let the turkey cook. Once all the pieces are in the skillet, leave them alone. Don't stir them, don't jiggle the pan, and don't pick at them with tongs. Letting them cook for a few minutes undisturbed helps create a good crust.

  6. Flip the turkey pieces. After a few minutes you will see the bottoms of the chunks begin to brown. Let them go another minute or so, then stir to flip the chunks over. Leave them alone again to brown.

  7. Remove them from heat. When the chunks are well-browned, remove them from the pan to a plate lined with a paper towel to drain off the oil.

  8. Finished. The ground turkey is now ready to be used in recipes for turkey chili, lasagna, pasta, and so on.

[Edit]Grilled Turkey Burgers

  1. Mix the ground turkey and spices. Place the ground turkey in a large mixing bowl. Pour the spices over top. Use a spoon or your hands to mix the ground turkey and spices thoroughly. Knead the mixture for about 2 minutes to make sure the spices are evenly distributed.

    • Experiment with other spices if you like certain flavors. Add ground sage, oregano, and rosemary to mix things up.
    • You can also add 1/2 cup of Parmesan cheese for extra flavor.
  2. Shape the mixture into patties. Scoop about 1/3 cup of the mixture into the palm of your hand. Use both hands to shape it into a patty. Place it on a plate, then move on to the next patty. Continue until you've shaped all of the meat into patties.

  3. Heat oil in a frying pan. Place a pan or a cast iron skillet over medium heat. Pour the oil into the pan and let it heat up for a minute or two. Swirl it around the pan to coat the bottom, so the burgers won't stick.

    • You can also cook these burgers in the oven under the broiler. Turn on the broiler and let the oven heat completely before cooking.
    • Using the grill is another good alternative. Heat up a grill to medium high.
  4. Cook the burgers. Place the patties into the pan. Fit as many as you can in the pan without the sides touching. Cook the burgers on the first side for 3 minutes, or until a brown crust forms. Flip them over and cook them on the other side for another 3 minutes. Remove the burgers to a plate when they're finished cooking.

    • You can lay slices of cheese on the burgers after they've been flipped. To melt the cheese, cover the pan with a lid.
    • Season the burgers with additional spices to form a "blackened"-style crust.
    • Don't overcook the burgers or they'll get dry pretty quickly, since turkey has a low fat content.
  5. Serve the burgers. Place them on buns and serve with ketchup, mustard, mayonnaise, sliced tomatoes and onions, and other condiments and toppings of your choice.
    Cook Ground Turkey Step 13 Version 2.jpg

[Edit]Baked Turkey Meatballs

  1. Preheat the oven to 400 degrees.
    Cook Ground Turkey Step 14 Version 2.jpg
  2. Mix the ingredients. Place the meat, the spices, the onion and garlic, the tomato paste, the egg and the breadcrumbs in a large mixing bowl. Mix all of the ingredients together using clean hands. Knead the mixture for several minutes until everything is thoroughly combined.

  3. Form the mixture into meatballs. Scoop some of the mixture into your hand and use both hands to roll it into a ball. Place the meatball on a nonstick or greased baking sheet. Continue making balls of the same size until you've finished forming the rest of the mixture into meatballs.

    • To make it easier to create balls of the same size, use a small ice cream scoop or a measuring cup.
    • Use a pan with high sides to prevent the meatballs from rolling off.
  4. Cook the meatballs. Place the baking sheet in the oven and cook the meatballs for 15-20 minutes, or until they are golden brown. Remove them from the oven and serve with marinara sauce.

  5. Finished.

[Edit]Tips

  • Don't crowd the pan with meat, otherwise the meat will steam instead of brown.
  • A little fat is your friend. Leaner mixes will usually end up dry and bland. Go for an 85/15 mix over 93/7.
  • Patience: resist the urge to stir!
  • Use a heavy-gauge skillet at least 12-inches in diameter.


[Edit]Quick Summary



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Saturday, 13 August 2022

How to Choose a College Major

It can be very hard to decide upon a college major, whether you're drawn to several options or you have absolutely no idea. You usually don't need to declare right away. Remember, however, that the best way to understand your options is to explore them. Learn about the majors available to you; tune in to your dreams and passions; and don't be afraid to make mistakes along the way. Read on for more advice!

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Exploring Your Options

  1. Do your research. If you're going to choose a college major, you'll need to know your options. Inform yourself about the various majors that you might possibly choose. Read about every major that sounds interesting. Read about specific jobs and how people got them. Explore forums, blogs, and university websites.
    Choose a College Major Step 1 Version 3.jpg
    • If you aren't at college yet, research common majors and what people do with them. Once you decide on a few solid choices, look for colleges that are known for strong programs in those fields.
    • If you are already at a college and you don't want to transfer, look at the available majors that are listed on your university website.
  2. Ask for advice. Question your teachers and academic counselors about careers, majors, and the college industry. Make sure to also speak with people who know you well: your friends, parents, and relatives. These people may be able to give you valuable advice about your strengths and weaknesses. Don't choose a major just because someone tells you to, and make sure that you take every suggestion with a grain of salt – but don't be afraid to look for inspiration.
    Choose a College Major Step 2 Version 3.jpg
    • Speak with people who have already completed certain majors. Ask for their perspective. Find out what they might do differently.
    • Talk to advisers from your chosen college. You can find a lot of information on the web about different majors. However, it's best to talk to a professional adviser. They can help answer questions about any department that you're considering joining.
  3. Find out how much time you have to declare a major. This varies widely from college to college. Some schools require that you decide upon a major by the time that you set foot inside your first class. Other schools may variably give you one year, two years, or more to declare. If you are uncertain, try to take your time before committing to a singular focus. If you have the freedom to explore, take the opportunity to sample a wide variety of courses and majors that catch your eye![1]
    Choose a College Major Step 3 Version 3.jpg
  4. Consider whether you're ready for college. If you don't have a major or a goal in mind, college can be a very expensive way to find yourself. Think about taking a gap year, working full-time, or fulfilling your general education requirements at a community college before committing to a four-year degree. You can save money and travel the world; you can volunteer or work abroad; you can audit classes for free, or attend school part-time; you can try to join the workforce in a field that sounds interesting, then use that experience to inform your college major decision. Do it your way![2]
    Choose a College Major Step 4 Version 3.jpg
    • Remember that you don't need to go to college right away just because a lot of other people are doing it. Consider whether you are being shepherded into this. Do you know what you want to get out of your college experience? Is it your choice, or is it your parents'?

[Edit]Narrowing it Down

  1. Trust your gut. There are probably a few majors that jump out at you from the start. Begin by exploring what it might mean to pursue those degrees. If you love to write, then it is natural to gravitate toward a creative writing degree, or toward another of the humanities. If you love to solve problems, then you might find yourself drawn to engineering or the sciences. Let the answer be simple: think about what you already love to do.
    Choose a College Major Step 5 Version 3.jpg
    • On the other hand, you may find your calling in a major that you initially dismiss. You may not discover your love for economics until you take an introductory econ class. Trust your gut, but keep an open mind.
    • It can be hard to trust your gut when you are drawn to several different majors. What if you can see yourself happily majoring in Biology, Music, or Computer Science? Remember that you can always mix majors and minors. You can even choose a double major, if you're up to the challenge!
  2. Think about your purpose. Ask yourself where you want to be in five years. Consider the sort of life that you want to live. What is important to you? Perhaps you want to make a lot of money; fight climate change; write a novel; work with numbers, or work with people; change the world, or just make a living. You may not have a lot of concrete answers, but it doesn't hurt to start thinking about this.[3]
    Choose a College Major Step 6 Version 3.jpg
    • Research the job market. If your top priority is finding a job quickly upon graduation, then it might help to find out which jobs are in high demand. Try to use this knowledge to your advantage.
  3. Audit classes. "Auditing" is the act of enrolling in a class without taking a grade or credit for the work.[4] No matter whether you are actively enrolled at a particular college, or finishing up high school, or not in school at all: visit a university and sit in on a few courses that sound interesting. Find specific classes in the "courses" or "undergraduate programs" section of the university website. Email the instructor and ask about auditing. In many cases, you'll be able to sit in on a class for an entire semester, for free, as long as you stay engaged and don't disrupt the professor.[5]
    Choose a College Major Step 7 Version 3.jpg
    • The instructor's name and contact information should be listed on the website alongside the course description. If you can't find the contact information, search the department website or run a web search for the professor.
    • If a school has very large lectures—hundreds of people in one room—you might not even need to reach out to the professor. Accompany a friend to a big lecture, or just filter in with the enrolled crowd. This can be a great, free way to feel out a course.

[Edit]Making a Decision

  1. Declare a major. Most colleges have some deadline by which point you must officially choose a major. This may be one year, two years, or more. It is good to be intentional about this decision, and to choose a major that you like. However, you may find that the act of declaring a focus makes it much easier to see what you want and don't want. Once you've spent a semester taking classes and trying to work toward a certain major, you'll have a much better idea of what it means to pursue that degree.[6]
    Choose a College Major Step 8 Version 2.jpg
    • Choose something that excites you. Don't just pick a major at random from the catalog. Be honest with yourself, and give it a real shot.
  2. Recognize that this decision may not be final. Once you choose a major, you've effectively stated your purpose, and you've given yourself a track for moving forward in college. You have not, however, locked yourself into anything irreversible. Many people change their majors several times before they settle upon something. Some people even go back for a second degree. Try to keep perspective.[7]
    Choose a College Major Step 9 Version 2.jpg
  3. Keep your eyes open. Remember that you can always change course! If you aren't happy with the major that you pick, you can switch to something more fulfilling. If your college doesn't offer the major that you want, you can always transfer to another school. There is always a way out. Don't be afraid to dive into a major that interests you, even if you aren't 100 percent certain.
    Choose a College Major Step 10 Version 2.jpg
    • You may find that it's easy to switch between similar majors. For instance, many classes may overlap between the English degree path and the Comparative Literature path. You may find a lot of common ground between the Biology track and the Environmental Science track.[8]
    • The general education requirements (GEs) are usually fairly similar across a "department" or "school" within a university. For instance, many of the introductory classes for the Mechanical Engineering track probably apply to other tracks within the engineering department. Biology, Chemistry, and Physics degree paths often require some mixture of the same introductory science courses.
  4. Refine your major. Many college degrees organize classes and students under broad themes and concepts, giving you plenty of room to define your own focus. Choose a concentration within the major. Supplement with a double major, if you can handle the workload. Pursue a minor (or two!) that gives you an outlet for your other interests. Don't be afraid to engage with a degree path and make it your own.
    Choose a College Major Step 11 Version 2.jpg

[Edit]Tips

  • Do research in the field you're interested in.
  • Remember that if you want to change your mind, you can. Many college students switch majors. It's part of the process.
  • Ask yourself, "Where do I see myself in 5 years?" If you have an idea of where you want to be, then you can start to figure out how to get there. And that is what choosing a college major will help you to do.
  • Take your time. Don't just choose a major for sake of picking something. Consider what you really want, and whether you're even ready for college. Otherwise, you might end up wasting a lot of time and money on an education you don't need.
  • Talk it out. Discuss your choices with family and friends. They may be able to give you some solid advice and insight.

[Edit]Related wikiHows

[Edit]References



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How to Clean Hard Surface Flooring

Especially if you have multiple flooring types in your home, cleaning any hard surface flooring takes a different method. You can’t use the same cleaning approach to wood as you do porcelain tile, however many homeowners may use the same cleaner to save time and money. Preserve the integrity of your flooring by cleaning each surface using the right approach.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Clean Ceramic Floors

  1. Sweep and/or vacuum floor before cleaning. If you vacuum the floor you may want to go over it with a micro fiber dust cloth/mop to ensure you’ve removed any debris.[1]
    Clean Hard Surface Flooring Step 1 Version 3.jpg
  2. Clean the mop before you clean the floor. Make sure you are working with a mop that has been cleaned before the last cleaning. The last thing you want is to use a dirty or soiled mop because it will transfer the odor to the newly cleaned floors.
    Clean Hard Surface Flooring Step 2 Version 3.jpg
  3. Fill a bucket with two parts water and one part white vinegar. Or you can simply clean these floors with warm water depending on the dirt level of the floors.
    Clean Hard Surface Flooring Step 3 Version 3.jpg
  4. Dip mop into the bucket, squeeze and remove excess water and then mop the floor. Be sure you rinse the mop after every few strokes and then return mop to the bucket to get more warm water or water and vinegar.
    Clean Hard Surface Flooring Step 4 Version 3.jpg

[Edit]Clean Hardwood Floors

  1. Remove debris from floors by sweeping and then going over the surface with a micro fiber dust cloth/mop. Wood floors can be vacuumed but this approach is not recommended, especially on real wood (as opposed to engineered or laminate) floors. Vacuuming wood floors can produced scratches.
    Clean Hard Surface Flooring Step 5 Version 3.jpg
  2. Boil water and add two tea bags. Any type of tea will work because the tannic acid in the tea will clean and shine the floors.
    Clean Hard Surface Flooring Step 6 Version 3.jpg
    • Allow tea bags to seep in the boiling water for several minutes before removing.
    • Don’t use tea until its warm but no longer piping hot (which could burn your skin during use).
  3. Use a soft cloth, flat surface mop. The cloth should be removable and completely clean before using.
    Clean Hard Surface Flooring Step 7 Version 3.jpg
  4. Immerse clean mop cloth in hot water, wring out and apply to the mop. You want the cloth to be wet, but not soaked.
    Clean Hard Surface Flooring Step 8 Version 3.jpg
  5. Pour a small amount of tea water on wood floor and follow through with mop. Don’t over soak the floor or else you will end up with streaks.
    Clean Hard Surface Flooring Step 9 Version 3.jpg

[Edit]Clean Vinyl Floors

  1. Remove major debris from your floor first by sweeping up large pieces into a dust pan and emptying into the trash.
    Clean Hard Surface Flooring Step 10 Version 3.jpg
    • If you have one, follow this by using a microfiber dust mop to pick up finer dirt from the floor that is harder to see.[2] Pick up with the broom and empty into the trash.
    • For an even cleaner surface, use a vacuum cleaner on the floor on the lowest carpet/surface setting (if available). Vinyl floors are relatively durable so you can use the vacuum cleaner with confidence.
  2. Prepare a cleaning solution for resilient floors in a bucket. If you'd like to make your own, combine one part borax with two parts warm water in a bucket. You can also use vinegar and water at a dilution of 1 cup of vinegar per gallon of water.[3] Pregnant women and children should not handle borax. [4]
    Clean Hard Surface Flooring Step 11 Version 3.jpg
  3. Dip your clean mop into the bucket, ring out and begin to mop the floor. Although any mop will do the trick you may want to use a mop that has thick bristles to really remove any grime or grease.
    Clean Hard Surface Flooring Step 12 Version 3.jpg

[Edit]Tips

  • Touch up scratches on your wood floor by running the same color crayon lightly over the scratch. Apply a blow dryer to the scratch on high to heat the crayon. Buff with a soft cloth to remove residue.
  • If your vinyl floors aren't no-wax, you should consider having them stripped and refinished every so often (such as once a year). You can do this yourself, but you are likely to get better results from a professional service since stripping solutions can give off irritating fumes and wax application can be messy.

[Edit]Related wikiHows

[Edit]References

  1. [v161150_b01]. 22 September 2019.
  2. [v161150_b01]. 22 September 2019.
  3. [v161150_b01]. 22 September 2019.
  4. http://www.greencleaningmagazine.com/ingredient-intel-borax/


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How to Make a Daisy Chain

A daisy chain immediately brightens your day. Wear it on your head as a flower-filled crown or give it to someone as a symbol of friendship. Learn how to make a lovely daisy chain in just a few minutes.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Using Slits

  1. Pick your daisies. Look for daisies with thick stems at least 4 inches (10 cm) long. Look for healthy, fully open flowers for a more beautiful chain.
    Make a Daisy Chain Step 1 Version 5.jpg
  2. Slit the stem with your thumbnail. Cut a small slit through the middle of the stem, without breaking it in half. You can cut this just below the flower, or halfway down the stem.

    • If your fingernails are too short, use a plastic knife.
  3. Thread the stem of another daisy through the slit. Push the base of the stem through, until the flower is snug against the slit.

  4. Repeat with any number of daisies. Make a slit in the next daisy and push the third stem through it. Repeat until you've made a bracelet, crown, or necklace. When you think your daisy chain is long enough, cut a second slit through the first stem. Push the last daisy through this slit to make a loop.

  5. Air dry the daisy (optional). To keep your daisy chain for a long time, hang it up to dry in a windy area. It might wither or change color, but it should stay together.[1]
    Make a Daisy Chain Step 5 Version 5.jpg

[Edit]Braiding a Chain

  1. Pick the tallest flowers you can find. The longer the stems are, the easier the braiding. Daisies work wonderfully, but you can use any flower with a long, flexible stem and no thorns.
    Make a Daisy Chain Step 6 Version 3.jpg
  2. Strip off leaves (optional). Pinch the stem under the flower and moving your fingers rapidly downward. Repeat until the leaves are torn off. This will make it easier to see what you're doing.

    • After you've made a couple chains, you can try keeping the leaves.
  3. Choose three flowers with strong stems. Place three flowers in a row on a flat surface. Pinch the stems together, just below the blossoms.

    • If any of these three stems break, you'll need to start over. If later stems break, you're probably okay.
  4. Bring the right stem to the middle. Press your thumb down over the point where the stems cross. Pick up the stem on the right and bend it in between the other two.[2]

  5. Bring the left stem under the right stem. Move the left stem over the new middle stem, and under the stem on the right. Pull the stems gently to make the braid tight. Don't pull too hard or it might break.

  6. Continue braiding. Move the right stem into the middle. Bring the left stem over the middle and under the new right stem. Repeat this braiding pattern three or four times.

  7. Add more flowers as you go. After a few braids, pick up another flower. Lay it down next to another stem. From now on, braid as though those two stems were one thick stem. Add another flower every 2–5 crosses, depending on how clustered you like them.

  8. Tuck in the end of each stem. When you come to the end of a stem, tuck it into a gap between the others. Keeping them all well-tucked makes the chain less likely to unravel.

  9. Finish with plain stems. Once you're reaching the length you want, stop adding new flowers. Keep braiding until you've got about 3 inches (7.5 cm) of bare stem. Bring this back to the beginning of the braid. Gently pull apart a couple flowers near the beginning, and wrap the two ends together several times.

[Edit]Tips

  • For the last flower, choose one with an extra-long stem. Wrap it around the beginning several times for extra strength.
  • You can use fake flowers for a long-lasting chain.
  • If your flower stems are stiff, leave them to dry for about 30 minutes. They'll become more flexible.[3]

[Edit]Warnings

  • It is illegal to pick wildflowers in many public areas of the US, unless you have a permit. On private land, ask the owner for permission first.[4] In the UK, picking non-endangered flowers is allowed, as long as you don't uproot the plant.[5]

[Edit]Related wikiHows

[Edit]References

[Edit]Quick Summary



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