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Monday, 31 May 2021

How to Grow a Summer Garden

If the long, hot days of summer have you dreaming of a fresh salad, it might be time to plant your summer garden! While some vegetables aren’t well-suited for the heat, there are tons of plants that thrive in high temperatures. Whether you had a garden in the spring-time or this is your first time growing, you can have fresh veggies all season long right from your own backyard.


[Edit]When should I start a summer garden?

  1. Aim to get your plants in the ground by July. Midsummer is the optimal time for summer planting—that way, you can harvest everything by fall. Midsummer temperatures shouldn’t be extreme yet, so your plants will have a chance to mature before they hit the real heat.[1]
    Grow a Summer Garden Step 1.jpg
    • If you had a spring garden, be sure to clear out any dead plants and vegetation before you plant your summer crops.

[Edit]Which vegetables grow well in the summer?

  1. Tomatoes, okra, corn, pole beans, and lima beans do well in the summer. They can withstand the high temperatures of the season and continue to produce fruit until the fall. These veggies don’t handle cold temperatures well, so try to plant them by mid-July so they can avoid the threat of frost.[2]
    Grow a Summer Garden Step 2.jpg
  2. Cucumbers, squash, and pumpkins also do well in the summer. They’ll be ready to harvest in the fall so you can carve pumpkins or make delicious soups and salads with them. These vegetables need a while to mature, so plant them in July to give them ample time.[3]

[Edit]Which fruits grow well in the summer?

  1. Most fruits are maturing by the summer. Unfortunately, if you wait until the summer to plant your fruit, it’s probably too late! Strawberries, raspberries, blackberries, blueberries, and currants are all ready for harvest in the summer. Fruit trees, like apple, plum, peach, and pear, develop fruit in early summer as well.[4]
    Grow a Summer Garden Step 4.jpg
    • If you’d like to grow fruit, try planting in late winter or early spring.
    • If you are growing fruit, early summer is the time to prune your shrubs and trees. Clip back dead or weak branches to allow all the energy from the plant to go into fruit production.

[Edit]Which herbs should I grow during the summer?

  1. Try basil, dill, parsley, sage, and rosemary. These herbs are very sensitive to cold temperatures and frost, so they do well in high heat. Plant them with the rest of your garden around mid-July, then harvest your herbs in 60 to 90 days.[5]
    Grow a Summer Garden Step 5.jpg
    • If you plan on using herbs for cooking, pluck the leaves off the stems before they start flowering.
    • If you’d like to grow herbs all year round, consider an indoor herb garden instead.

[Edit]Which vegetables grow in extreme heat?

  1. Cassava and Malabar spinach do well in high temperatures. They’re tropical vegetables, so they’re used to growing in extreme heat. If you live in an area where the temperature regularly soars above , try out these veggies in your garden.[6]
    Grow a Summer Garden Step 6.jpg
    • As with most summer vegetables, you should try to get these in the ground by mid-July at the latest.

[Edit]How often should I water my summer garden?

  1. Water your garden at least every 3 to 7 days. In the summer, mature plants need water once or twice a week. If the weather is very warm or your area is going through a dry spell, you might even need to water every day.[7]
    Grow a Summer Garden Step 7.jpg
    • When you water, point the stream down toward the roots instead of letting it roll over the top of the plants. It will help the soil absorb moisture more, and you’ll reduce the risk of rot.
    • Try to water early in the day so the moisture has time to soak in before evaporating in the heat.

[Edit]How do you keep the soil from drying out during the summer?

  1. Add a layer of mulch on top of the soil. As your summer vegetables start to sprout, grab some organic mulch and sprinkle a thin layer over the roots of your plant. The mulch will not only keep the soil cool and moisturized, it will also prevent weeds from sprouting in between your plants.[8]
    Grow a Summer Garden Step 8.jpg
    • There are a few different types of mulch you can use in a garden, including wood chips, shredded leaves, grass clippings, compost, or hay. Any one of these will do the trick to keep your summer garden thriving.
    • Be sure to weed your garden before adding mulch to the soil.


  • As your vegetables start to ripen, pick them just before they’re fully ripe. That way, the plant will continue to bear fruit all season long.[9]


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How to Style High Low Dresses

If you love asymmetrical dresses, you need a high-low dress in your wardrobe! High-low dresses are longer in the back and shorter in the front so they really showcase your legs. You might be wondering how to wear such an unusual style, but you'll quickly learn that it's an incredibly versatile piece. You can easily dress it down for casual, everyday wear, or accessorize it to make the dress the perfect evening look.


[Edit]Wear sandals, sneakers, or flats to create a casual style.

  1. Give your outfit an everyday feel by wearing comfortable shoes. These might be your favorite fashion sneakers, loafers, oxfords, or ballet flats. Choose footwear that matches the color of your dress if you want them to blend in, or go for a bold pop of color if you'd like them to stand out![1]
    Style High Low Dresses Step 1.jpg
    • Sandals with a wide strap are great for summer months and you can find them with a low heel if you want a slightly dressier option.
    • To make your outfit even more casual, toss on a denim jacket or cardigan and tie a cute belt around your waist.

[Edit]Rock a pair of heels if you want to glamorize your look.

  1. Wear a high-low dress with stilettos, wedges, or heels to dress up your look. Shoes are one of the easiest ways to take your outfit from daytime casual to nighttime formal. For a look that never goes out of style, wear your favorite stilettos or pumps with the dress.[2]
    Style High Low Dresses Step 2.jpg
    • Pick heels that match the color of the dress if you want them to blend in or go with black for a classic, put-together look. Want to make your legs seem longer? Wear heels that match your skin tone so the shoes look like an extension of your legs.
    • If you're not totally comfortable wearing high heels, don't worry! Kitten heels, shoes with a slight wedge, and low-heeled slingbacks are all great options.

[Edit]Toss on a jacket or blazer to complete a casual outfit.

  1. Throw on a denim jacket or a simple blazer to make an everyday outfit. On its own, a high-low dress can feel a little too dressy for day-to-day wear, but a jacket, cardigan, or blazer can soften the look.[3]
    Style High Low Dresses Step 3.jpg
    • A cute denim jacket or fluffy cardigan are the most casual options, while a fitted blazer is a little dressier—perfect for the office or meetings.

[Edit]Wear the dress with scarves and leggings in the winter.

  1. Put layers over the dress to add texture and warmth. Who says high-low dresses are just for summer? It's really easy to transition the piece to cooler weather by wearing leggings underneath it. Then, toss on a soft cardigan or scarf. You can match the color of the dress or choose a complementary color.[4]
    Style High Low Dresses Step 4.jpg
    • For example, if your dress is a solid color, pick a scarf or shawl with a fun print to add a little interest.
    • Not sure what shoes to wear for a winter look? Flats or low-heeled shoes are comfortable options while stylish boots look great with most outfits.

[Edit]Pull on a short sweater or shirt for extra texture or warmth.

  1. Make your outfit appear more relaxed for a daytime look. Dresses tend to be fancier than jeans or skirts, so if you want to wear a high-low dress without feeling overdressed, put on a short sweater or shirt that falls just above your waist. This makes your dress look like separate elements so it's not as formal.[5]
    Style High Low Dresses Step 5.jpg
    • If your shirt feels too long, just gather the bottom and tie a knot.

[Edit]Dress in neutral colors to look sleek.

  1. Choose a black, white, or gray dress if you'd like a classic outfit. You'll probably find that you have more options for styling neutral-colored high-low dresses. This is because it's easy to stick with a single neutral color when it comes to shoes and accessories, or you can easily add a pop of color to switch up the outfit.[6]
    Style High Low Dresses Step 6.jpg
    • Go for a black high-low dress if you want to be able to transition it from daytime to nighttime. Swap out casual shoes for heels and add jewelry to go from casual to glam, for instance.

[Edit]Include a burst of color to add interest to a solid dress.

  1. Use color or patterns to give a high-low dress more styling options. If your dress is a solid color, try wrapping a brightly patterned shawl around you or pop on a textured sweater in a different color.[7]
    Style High Low Dresses Step 7.jpg
    • If your dress is already colorful, add a little black or white so the color really stands out. For example, if your dress is yellow, put on a black cardigan to break up the colors.

[Edit]Use a belt to draw attention to your waist.

  1. Accessorize your look and add definition to your waist with a belt. If you're wearing a form-fitting high-low dress, there's probably a noticeable waistline. If your dress is a loose, flowy style, create an instant waist with a belt. A simple, narrow belt can make the outfit appear delicate, while a wide, metallic belt adds sparkle to your look, for instance.[8]
    Style High Low Dresses Step 8.jpg
    • The belt is a perfect way to add a bit of color to a dark or neutral dress. Try a pink or mustard-colored belt with a dark, navy dress, for instance.

[Edit]Add jewelry to finish styling a formal outfit.

  1. Complement a fancy dress with a statement necklace and earrings. The dramatic cut of high-low dresses means you can pull off long statement necklaces that fall below your bust. Daring earrings that complement the necklace can complement your evening wear.
    Style High Low Dresses Step 9.jpg
    • Trying to decide between gold and silver? Pair silver jewelry with cool dress colors like blue, white, and purple. Choose gold pieces if you're wearing warm colors like yellow, red, or orange.

[Edit]Carry a handbag or clutch to complete your outfit.

  1. Use your handbag or purse to transition from daytime to nighttime. Want to keep your high-low dress casual? Carry a large tote or handbag for an everyday style. When you're ready to switch to a nighttime look, just swap out the bag for a fancy clutch.[9]
    Style High Low Dresses Step 10.jpg
    • The handbag or tote doesn't have to match the dress. You might carry a leather handbag with a blue high-low dress for instance. Then, when you're ready to dress for a night out, choose a blue clutch that matches the dress. This can make your outfit look more put together.


  • Choose floor-length high-low dresses for a really dramatic evening style. Knee-length high-low dresses are perfect for casual, everyday styles.


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How to Hide Scars on Legs

Regardless of the reason you have them, blemishes on your legs are frustrating to deal with. You’re not alone if you feel like you’re constantly wrestling with your leg scars. Many people feel awkward about going outside in bare legs—but don’t panic. If you don’t want to pursue medical treatment, you can successfully hide scars on your legs with the right clothing choices, makeup application, and body art possibilities.


[Edit]Obscuring Scars with Clothing and Bandages

  1. Wear a pair of jeans or long pants to keep your leg scars hidden. Cover your leg scars completely by incorporating jeans or long pants into your daily outfit. Most jeans and pants go down to your ankles, so they’re a great option if you have scars on your thighs, knees, and lower calves.[1] Men can try out blue jeans, chinos, or corduroy pants if they want to maintain a semi-casual look.
    Hide Scars on Legs Step 1.jpg
    • Try out a pair of black jeans! They go well with many styles, including a blazer, casual jacket, or a tucked-in T-shirt.[2]
  2. Opt for long socks if your scars are on your ankles or lower calves. Slip on some longer socks if you don’t want to cover up as much of your legs. They can come in many styles, like tube socks, which can be pulled over your ankles and the bottom of your lower calf.[3] They can also be paired with fun pairs of shoes, like loafers.[4]
    Hide Scars on Legs Step 2.jpg
    • Consider wearing long socks with loafers, dress pants, and a flowy shirt.
  3. Try a pair of tights if you want to wear a skirt or dress. Hide your scars with tights if you plan on wearing a skirt or dress. Tights can also help keep your legs warm during the chillier months, so you’ll be accomplishing two things at once. Depending on the look you’re going for, you can try dark tights or opt for hosiery that matches your skin tone more closely.[5]
    Hide Scars on Legs Step 3.jpg
    • If you want to wear tights but don’t want them to be super obvious, consider wearing a longer dress or skirt.
  4. Go for leggings or sweatpants if you want to be comfortable. Obscure your scars with leggings and sweatpants if you want to prioritize comfort in your daily ensemble. There’s no shame in wearing these items, even if they might not win you professionalism points. They’ll do a great job at covering any scars on your thighs, calves, and knees.[6]
    Hide Scars on Legs Step 4.jpg
    • Yoga pants are another comfortable clothing option for you to consider, though they might not cover scars on your lower calves depending on the style you choose.[7]
  5. Cover the scars with a bandage in a pinch. Put on a bandage if your scars are concentrated on one area of your leg. If you were scarred recently, consider spreading a thin layer of petroleum jelly over the scar before covering it with a piece of gauze or a sterile pad.[8]
    Hide Scars on Legs Step 5.jpg
    • Don’t tear away scabs from cuts and blemishes on your legs. This increases your risk of having a visible scar.

[Edit]Applying Makeup to Conceal Scars

  1. Shave the scarred area to ensure that it’s smooth. Use an electric or disposable razor to remove any hair from the scarred area of your leg. Be sure to apply shaving cream beforehand, even if you’re only shaving a small spot. The smoother your skin is, the easier it will be to apply makeup.[9]
    Hide Scars on Legs Step 6.jpg
  2. Exfoliate your skin before moisturizing it. Keep your skin fresh by rubbing some exfoliator into your skin, which will remove any dead skin cells. Once you’ve washed off any of the excess product, spread some moisturizer over the exfoliated area. Try to avoid products with perfume, as these may irritate your skin.[10] If your legs are exposed to sunlight frequently, consider using a moisturizer with SPF.[11]
    Hide Scars on Legs Step 7.jpg
    • Check your local drugstore to find an exfoliator and moisturizer for your specific skin type. Some products cater specifically to oily or dry skin, as well as other conditions.[12]
  3. Spread some primer onto your skin to prepare it for the foundation. Use your fingers to rub on a thin layer of primer over the scars on your legs. This will provide a sturdy base for the foundation and any other products you want to apply.[13]
    Hide Scars on Legs Step 8.jpg
    • Ask your dermatologist if you should be applying any medicated ointments to your scars to help them fade.
    • You’ll be using the same primer that you’d use on your face.
  4. Choose the right makeup formula for your skin. Decide whether or not you want to cover your leg scars with liquid foundation or with a thicker camouflage cream. If your scar has an indentation, consider opting for a creamier product.[14]
    Hide Scars on Legs Step 9.jpg
    • Use BB cream, or blemish balm, to moisturize your skin and cover less obvious leg scars.[15]
    • Try a spray-on foundation instead of a liquid formula if you want a less messy application.[16]
    • Consider tanning or bronzing sprays as options to cover your scars.
  5. Dab or spray on some liquid foundation that matches your skin tone. Use a wide brush or makeup sponge to pat some foundation onto the primed area. Start with a pea-sized amount—you can always add more product later if you need to![17]
    Hide Scars on Legs Step 10.jpg
    • Make sure that the scar has healed before you apply any makeup.
    • Bend your leg when you’re applying makeup to your knee or ankle so the application looks as smooth as possible.
  6. Feather around the foundation to blend it into your skin. Take a large foundation brush or a makeup sponge and buff around the edges of the makeup to make it look uniform with the rest of your leg. Make sure to feather in an outward direction, using small, light buffing motions as you go.[18]
    Hide Scars on Legs Step 11.jpg
  7. Pat some setting powder onto the makeup. Add some setting powder to the scarred area to help keep the makeup in place. Consider this powder as a seal, or a layer of protection for your foundation and other products.[19]
    Hide Scars on Legs Step 12.jpg
  8. Let the makeup set before you go out. Wait for your makeup products to completely dry before you go anywhere. Don’t put on any pants, shorts, or skirts until you’re positive that the makeup won’t smear. Wait 1-2 minutes if you want to play it safe.[20]
    Hide Scars on Legs Step 13.jpg
  9. Use makeup remover and a cotton ball to wipe off your makeup. Take a cotton ball and dip it into a delicate makeup removal solution. Clean off the makeup in long strokes until there is no more product on your skin.[21]
    Hide Scars on Legs Step 14.jpg
    • If you’d prefer, you can also dip your fingers in makeup removal solution and rub off the makeup from your leg scars.

[Edit]Covering Scars with Tattoos

  1. Plan what kind of tattoo you want. Brainstorm ideas by doing an image search online, or by looking at the digital portfolios of different tattoo artists. Keep in mind that the tattoo will be permanent, so make sure that it’s something you’ll enjoy having on your skin for the rest of your life.[22]
    Hide Scars on Legs Step 15.jpg
    • Visualize the tattoo you want for at least a year, so you can see how you feel about the design after some time has passed.
    • If you have a series of small scars on your legs, consider getting a longer and more expansive tattoo, like a flowery vine. If your scar is centered in a single spot, think about a design that can cover it completely, like a portrait.
  2. Book an appointment to get the tattoo. Call ahead or walk into a tattoo parlor to schedule an appointment for your body art. Check online ahead of time to make sure that the parlor has good reviews, and that the employees are credible. Ask to see if any of the tattoo artists have experience with covering up leg scars.[23]
    Hide Scars on Legs Step 16.jpg
    • Depending on the size and intricacy of your tattoo, it may end up costing several hundred dollars. Don’t try and find artists who are especially cheap—there’s a likely reason they don’t charge a lot, and it probably isn’t good.
    • In most places, you have to be 18 to get any body art done. If you’re a minor, make sure you have a parent or guardian’s permission before you get tattooed.
    • Know the consequences, and how it might impact your ability to donate blood. Depending on where you live, getting a tattoo might disqualify you from giving blood. Check with your local hospital or donation center to check.[24]
  3. Speak with your tattoo artist before the procedure. Talk to the artist so you know exactly what’s going to happen. Don’t be afraid to ask questions about the procedure, and be sure to let the artist know that the purpose of the tattoo is to obscure your leg scars.[25]
    Hide Scars on Legs Step 17.jpg
    • If you get any negative vibes from the tattoo artist, don’t be afraid to leave.[26]
  4. Follow the after-care instructions carefully. Keep your new tattoo covered with a medicated bandage, and clean the skin with a gentle soap. Additionally, make sure that your ink doesn’t get wet in the first two weeks after you receive the tattoo. The after-care helps to keep your skin as healthy and comfortable as possible.[27]
    Hide Scars on Legs Step 18.jpg
    • You can usually purchase tattoo-specific soaps at your tattoo parlor.


[Edit]Things You’ll Need

[Edit]Obscuring Scars with Clothing

  • Jeans
  • Long pants
  • Long socks
  • Tights
  • Leggings
  • Sweatpants
  • Bandage
  • Sports tape (optional)

[Edit]Applying Makeup to Conceal Scars

  • Primer
  • Foundation
  • Camouflage cream
  • Bronzing or tanning sprays
  • Setting powder
  • Cotton ball
  • Makeup removal product

[Edit]Covering Scars with Tattoos

  • Medicated bandage
  • Gentle soap


[Edit]Quick Summary

  1. https://www.thetrendspotter.net/black-jeans-outfit/
  2. https://www.thetrendspotter.net/black-jeans-outfit/
  3. https://www.teenvogue.com/gallery/how-to-wear-tube-socks
  4. https://www.vogue.com/vogueworld/article/loafers-socks-pairing-style-shopping
  5. https://www.theguardian.com/fashion/2018/oct/09/black-tights-or-bare-legs-autumns-crucial-style-debate-returns
  6. https://www.theodysseyonline.com/sweatpants-leggings-okay-wear-class
  7. https://medium.com/@waibobearleggings/yoga-pants-cheap-and-various-benefits-of-wearing-it-f9d6803cfae
  8. https://contemporaryclinic.pharmacytimes.com/acute-care/4-scar-care-dos-and-donts
  9. https://www.aad.org/public/skin-hair-nails/skin-care/how-to-shave
  10. https://www.hey.nhs.uk/patient-leaflet/scar-information/
  11. https://www.goodhousekeeping.com/beauty-products/g26586857/best-moisturizer-with-spf/
  12. https://www.aad.org/public/skin-hair-nails/skin-care/exfoliation
  13. https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/psoriasis/psoriasis-cover-leg-flares#1
  14. https://www.standard.co.uk/shopping/esbest/beauty/makeup/best-camouflage-makeup-the-best-full-coverage-makeup-to-cover-scars-a4174501.html
  15. https://www.elle.com/beauty/makeup-skin-care/tips/g8056/best-bb-creams/
  16. https://www.revelist.com/beauty-howtos/best-leg-makeup-to-cover/12639/up-close-the-difference-is-striking-it-looks-like-i-threw-a-flattering-filter-on-my-left-leg--but-nope-thats-just-a-light-coat-of-the-sephora-foundation/29
  17. https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/psoriasis/psoriasis-cover-leg-flares#2
  18. https://www.teenvogue.com/story/how-to-avoid-common-foundation-mistakes
  19. https://www.self.com/story/setting-powder-tips
  20. https://www.cosmopolitan.com/style-beauty/beauty/advice/a58209/13-ways-youre-doing-your-makeup-wrong/
  21. https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/psoriasis/psoriasis-cover-leg-flares#2/
  22. https://www.seventeen.com/health/a38214/things-you-should-know-before-getting-your-first-tattoo/
  23. https://www.seventeen.com/health/a38214/things-you-should-know-before-getting-your-first-tattoo/
  24. https://www.oneblood.org/media/blog/donor/tattoos-and-blood-donations.stml
  25. https://www.cosmopolitan.com/style-beauty/beauty/advice/a7174/what-to-know-before-getting-tattoos/
  26. https://www.seventeen.com/health/a38214/things-you-should-know-before-getting-your-first-tattoo/
  27. https://www.cosmopolitan.com/style-beauty/beauty/advice/a7174/what-to-know-before-getting-tattoos/

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Sunday, 30 May 2021

How to Play 20 Questions

20 questions is a classic game that can be played almost anywhere. It’s great to use when passing the time, meeting new people, or learning more about grammar. To play the basic version of this game, you don’t need anything but yourself and a willing group of players. You can also alter this game to teach ESL students about grammatically correct yes or no questions for a fun afternoon of learning.


[Edit]Playing a Basic Round

  1. Gather a group of 2 to 5 people to play the game. This game works best with a small to medium-sized group of people so that everyone gets a chance to ask a question. If the group is too big, you may reach the end of the game without giving everyone a turn.[1]
    Play 20 Questions Step 1 Version 2.jpg
    • This is a great game to play on a road trip or with a group of friends to pass the time.
  2. Choose 1 person to be “it” first. You can pick anyone in your group to go first. Try assigning them based on who the youngest is, who had the most recent birthday, or something silly, like who can eat a piece of pizza the fastest.[2]
    Play 20 Questions Step 2 Version 2.jpg
    • You can also pick which order everyone takes turns guessing the same way. For example, going from youngest to oldest or in order of birth month.
  3. Pick a person, place, or thing if you are “it.” Think about someone or something that you know enough about to answer some basic questions on. If you choose a person, they can be living, deceased, or even fictional. Make sure you choose a person, place, or thing that most people in your group know about.[3]
    Play 20 Questions Step 3 Version 2.jpg
    • For example, your item could be “Marylin Monroe,” since she is famous enough that most people will be able to make guesses about her. You could also choose something like New York City, the Eiffel Tower, or even clouds or the sun.
    • Try not to use items like “my mom” or “my dog” unless you are with your siblings or best friends, because the players might not know enough about them to guess.
  4. Start by asking general yes or no questions if you are not “it.” If you are a guesser, you are trying to figure out what the “it” person is thinking of. Try using a fairly general opening question that can be answered with “yes” or “no” to narrow down your options. For example:[4]
    Play 20 Questions Step 4 Version 2.jpg
    • “Is it a person?”
    • “Is it a place?”
    • “Is it an object?”
    • “Is it real or fictional?”
  5. Take turns asking yes or no questions. You can ask questions in any order that you’d like, but make sure each player gets to ask at least 1 question. If a player asks a question that can’t be answered with “yes” or “no,” ask them to rephrase it so that it can be.[5]
    Play 20 Questions Step 5 Version 2.jpg
    • For example, a player couldn’t ask, “How old are they?” or “What do they look like?” They could ask, “Are they older than 50?” or, “Do they have blonde hair?”
  6. Ask more specific questions as you go along. Think about the questions that have already been asked before you ask new questions. For example, if someone already asked about size, move on to color or smell. This will give you an answer faster and use up fewer questions so you can hopefully win the game![6]
    Play 20 Questions Step 6 Version 2.jpg
    • For instance, if you already asked “Is it bigger than a breadbox?” and the answer was yes, try asking something like, “Is it red?”
  7. Play until you reach 20 questions or someone gives the right answer. You can either assign someone to count the questions that each player asks, or the group can count them together collectively. If the group reaches 20 questions and they haven’t guessed the person, place, or thing, you can tell them what it is. If someone guesses it before 20 questions have been asked, the game is over.[7]
    Play 20 Questions Step 7 Version 2.jpg
  8. Make the correct guesser the next “it” person. If no one guessed the person, place, or thing at all, whoever wants to go next can have a turn. Keep the game going until everyone has had a chance to be “it.”[8]
    Play 20 Questions Step 8 Version 2.jpg
    • If someone guesses correctly but they’ve already been “it,” let someone else have a turn instead.
    • Giving everyone a turn makes the game more inclusive and lets everybody have some fun!

[Edit]Adding Variations for ESL Learners

  1. Write out 10 to 15 topic cards with different subjects of interest. For example, you could pick popular foods, American states, famous landmarks, types of animals, or even famous celebrities. Choose a random bunch of these topics and write them down individually on a note card.[9]
    Play 20 Questions Step 9 Version 2.jpg
  2. Choose 1 person to be “it” and have them read their topic out loud. Pick a volunteer from your class to be the first person to choose a topic. You could pick the student who has been on time to class the most, or choose someone who turned their homework in on time that day. Have them pull a topic card from the pile and let them read it out loud to the class.[10]
    Play 20 Questions Step 10.jpg
    • This narrows down the subject that the person, place, or thing could be to make it easier for your students to guess.
  3. Write down the item or person that the “it” player thinks of. This ensures that you know what their item is in case the rest of your students get stuck. You can also double check that the person, place, or thing and the subject card are related, or offer suggestions if your student can’t think of anything.[11]
    Play 20 Questions Step 11.jpg
    • For example, if your student pulls the card “types of animals,” they could choose “rabbit” as their item.
  4. Make each player ask a grammatically correct yes or no question. If the question isn’t grammatically correct, move onto a different player. You can coach your students slightly if they are having trouble coming up with a question.[12]
    Play 20 Questions Step 12.jpg
    • You can let students raise their hands when they have a question or go around the room in a circle or spiral.
    • If anyone gets stuck, try giving suggestions like, “Do you want to ask about its size?” Or, “Can you think of a way to ask about their hair color?”
  5. Keep track of your students’ questions and their points. As you play the game, have your students keep track of how many questions they have asked that were grammatically correct. Don’t give out any points to questions that weren’t phrased correctly. Tally up the running total of questions asked so that you know when your students have reached 20.[13]
    Play 20 Questions Step 13.jpg
    • Assigning points makes the game more competitive and may motivate your students to play.
  6. Give 3 points to whoever guesses correctly and make them “it.” You can have the student who guessed correctly pick a new subject and come up with their own item. If the group reaches 20 questions and no one has guessed the item, have the current “it” player say what it is and give them 1 extra point.[14]
    Play 20 Questions Step 14.jpg
    • You can keep playing new rounds until everyone has gotten a turn, or stop when you feel like your students have gotten the most out of this game.
    • If no one guesses correctly, you can ask for a volunteer to be “it” next.


  • Choose things that aren’t impossible to guess to make this game more fun.
  • Let everyone have a turn being “it” to make the game more fair.


[Edit]Related wikiHows


[Edit]Quick Summary

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How to Keep Cats Out of Your Yard

Cats make great pets, but feral and stray cats can create quite a nuisance. They may use your garden as a litter box, trample all over your precious plants, and spread fleas everywhere. Luckily, you have a ton of options when it comes to keeping cats out of your yard, and you can mix and match options at your leisure depending on how you want to handle this.


[Edit]Eliminate food sources.

  1. Move your trash or bird feeders to remove the reason cats show up. Cats are showing up in your yard for a reason. If you keep your trash outside, make sure that your lids are secure to keep cats from digging for food. [1] Birds tend to attract cats as well, so if you’ve got a bunch of bird feeders in your yard, taking them down will help keep the cats away.[2]
    Keep Cats Out of Your Yard Step 1 Version 3.jpg
    • If possible, keep your trash in a more secure location indoors to keep cats (and other pests, like raccoons) from poking around for food. If you have a garage, that’s the perfect spot for your trash!
    • Domesticated outdoor cats and feral cats like to roam through yards looking for food, mates, and places to use the bathroom. If you are having trouble with unwanted cats, see if you can spot a pattern with where the cats are hanging out in your yard. There may be something you’re overlooking in your yard!

[Edit]Add fencing.

  1. One of the best ways to keep cats out is to block them physically. If you install a full-blown wooden fence, opt for fence boards with pointy tops so that the cats can’t hang out on top of them. If you want an easier, simpler option, you can always install some shorter wood posts around your yard and then attach chicken wire fencing.[3][4]
    Keep Cats Out of Your Yard Step 2 Version 3.jpg
    • If you have an existing fence with a flat top where cats can balance themselves, staple or tape some aluminum foil or plastic wrap to the top so cats won’t hang out up there.[5]

[Edit]Install motion-activated sprinklers.

  1. For a highly-functional solution, get some sprinklers installed. Whenever the cats wander into your garden, the sprinklers will kick on and spritz the cats to send them on their way. Even if they don’t get wet, the sound of the sprinkler popping up and activating will scare them off. You can buy these motion-activated sprinklers online or from some pet stores.[6]
    Keep Cats Out of Your Yard Step 3 Version 3.jpg
    • Since the hose line will freeze, you can’t use these sprinklers in the winter. Luckily, if you set them out in the spring or summer, the cats should have plenty of time to learn that they don’t want to hang out in your yard. As the cats keep getting sprayed, they’ll become conditioned to stay away from your home.

[Edit]Try an ultrasonic device.

  1. Infrared ultrasonic devices will emit a high-frequency noise to scare cats. The sound won’t be audible to people, but to cats, it will be like nails on a chalkboard. Typically, these products run on batteries and you just turn them on and leave them out in your yard. So long as it’s on, the device will scan for any movement and emit the alarm whenever cats get too close.[7]
    Keep Cats Out of Your Yard Step 4 Version 3.jpg
    • You can buy these products online or see if they’re available at big box home improvement stores.
    • These devices do tend to be a little more expensive than the other options out there. The good news is that these devices may also keep other pests out of your yard as well!

[Edit]Get a commercial repellant.

  1. There are repellants out there that replicate dog or big cat urine. If the cats smell a potential predator nearby, they’re naturally going to be dissuaded from sticking around for too long. Some of these products duplicate dog urine, while others contain lion or panther urine. These spray repellents are available from basically any big box home improvement store.[8]
    Keep Cats Out of Your Yard Step 5 Version 3.jpg
    • The downsides here may seem obvious, but a lot of these products don’t smell particularly great. You do need to reapply them roughly every week and after any heavy rains.[9]
    • If you don’t feel like spraying all around your yard periodically, there are granular versions of these products that resemble little stones. You just sprinkle them into your soil.[10]

[Edit]Put pinecones or chopsticks in your yard.

  1. Laying rough items down in your soil will keep cats off. Cats like the soft feel of soil and grass, and messing with that texture will dissuade cats. You can either line the perimeter of your yard with the topping of your choice or work the items into the soil to keep cats off. Either crush some pinecones up and sprinkle them around or grab some chopsticks and lay them flat in a grid pattern. Push them halfway into the soil, and the cats won’t walk over them.[11][12]
    Keep Cats Out of Your Yard Step 6 Version 4.jpg
    • Plastic carpet runners, with those little soft spikes on the bottom, are another great solution. Just keep them with the spike-side up and cover them lightly in soil at the threshold to your yard.[13]

[Edit]Lay down aluminum foil.

  1. Cats don’t like walking on crinkly, rough surfaces like aluminum foil. If there are any specific surfaces you want to keep cats off of, pull out a few strips of aluminum foil and lay them down where you don’t want the cats. Put a few stones or bricks around the edges of the foil to keep it from blowing away. When the cats step on it, they’ll feel and hear the aluminum foil crinkling up and run off in the other direction.[14]
    Keep Cats Out of Your Yard Step 7 Version 3.jpg
    • Metal ribbon, sheet metal, and bubble wrap may work for this as well.
    • This is an especially good option if you have a tall fence and you know the cats are sneaking in through an entrance to your yard, since you can just lay down a few layers of foil around that entrance.

[Edit]Get some cat-repelling plants.

  1. Coleus canina is hands-down the best plant for keeping cats away. Coleus canina is the most popular plant when it comes to repelling cats because it appears to be the most effective.[15] It naturally smells like dog urine to cats, so it’s more efficient than a lot of other options out there. If you don’t want to plant these in your garden or keep them in pots outside, you can always try curry plants, lavender, or rosemary.[16]
    Keep Cats Out of Your Yard Step 8 Version 3.jpg
    • If you come across any plants marketed as “pee-off” or “scardey-cat,” these are the same thing as coleus canina.[17]
    • These plants are also occasionally labeled plectranthus caninus.[18]

[Edit]Spray or sprinkle pepper in your yard.

  1. Cats dislike pepper, and they’ll naturally stay away if they smell it. You can either sprinkle some cayenne pepper around your yard periodically, or make a pepper-based spray by mixing a few teaspoons of cayenne pepper with some water in a spray bottle. Spray or sprinkle the pepper near any entrances to your yard or plants that you want to keep the cats away from. If cayenne doesn’t do the trick, you can always try using black pepper instead. Putting some pepper plants in your garden or yard may work as well![19]
    Keep Cats Out of Your Yard Step 9 Version 3.jpg
    • Wet coffee grounds will have a similar effect. On top of that, coffee grounds make great compost if you’ve got a garden going![20]
    • If you sprinkle pepper around or you make a pepper-based spray, you’ll need to reapply it whenever it rains.

[Edit]Make your yard smell like citrus.

  1. Cats are also prone to avoid citrus-based scents, like lemon and orange. You can get some citrus essential oils and sprinkle them around your yard, but most folks prefer leaving peels near plants and entrances in their yard. Every time you carve up some lemons, limes, or oranges, hold on the rinds. Spread them out around your yard to keep cats from poking around.[21]
    Keep Cats Out of Your Yard Step 10 Version 4.jpg
    • Grapefruit rinds are another solid option if you don’t tend to go through a lot of lemons, oranges, or limes.[22]

[Edit]Deter cats with essential oils.

  1. Lavender, lemongrass, eucalyptus, and geranium all keep cats out. There are a few ways to use these oils to keep cats out, but the easiest solution is to simply pour a few drops of undiluted oil around any flower boxes, fence lines, or trees where you think the cats are hanging around. You can also mix several of the oils together if there’s a particular combination of scents that you enjoy![23]
    Keep Cats Out of Your Yard Step 11.jpg
    • Citronella is another oil that cats tend to dislike. This is a great option if you want to keep bugs out at the same time![24]
    • You’ll also need to reapply these oils whenever it rains. The good news is that it doesn’t take much of these oils to keep cats out.



  • If you live in a city and you’ve seen a lot of strays near you, they may be from the same colony. There is a decent chance someone is caring for these cats, which is why they’re always around your yard. If possible, try to find the owner of the colony by putting up flyers or reaching out on regional social media groups before taking action.[25]


[Edit]Quick Summary

  1. https://www.alleycat.org/resources/how-to-live-with-cats-in-your-neighborhood/
  2. http://pss.uvm.edu/ppp/articles/cats.htm
  3. http://acmg.ucanr.edu/files/214548.pdf
  4. https://www.azhumane.org/wp-content/uploads/Cat-Deterants.pdf
  5. https://www.rspb.org.uk/birds-and-wildlife/advice/gardening-for-wildlife/animal-deterrents/cats-and-garden-birds/cat-deterrents/
  6. https://www.humanesociety.org/news/deter-free-roaming-cat
  7. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2351989418301458
  8. http://pss.uvm.edu/ppp/articles/cats.htm
  9. https://www.bobvila.com/articles/how-to-keep-cats-out-of-yard/
  10. https://www.bobvila.com/articles/how-to-keep-cats-out-of-yard/
  11. http://acmg.ucanr.edu/files/214548.pdf
  12. https://www.azhumane.org/wp-content/uploads/Cat-Deterants.pdf
  13. https://www.alleycat.org/resources/how-to-live-with-cats-in-your-neighborhood/
  14. https://www.azhumane.org/wp-content/uploads/Cat-Deterants.pdf
  15. https://www.azhumane.org/wp-content/uploads/Cat-Deterants.pdf
  16. https://thescaredycat.com/cat-repellent-plants-actually-work/
  17. https://www.rspb.org.uk/birds-and-wildlife/advice/gardening-for-wildlife/animal-deterrents/cats-and-garden-birds/cat-deterrents/
  18. https://thescaredycat.com/cat-repellent-plants-actually-work/
  19. https://www.azhumane.org/wp-content/uploads/Cat-Deterants.pdf
  20. https://www.alleycat.org/resources/how-to-live-with-cats-in-your-neighborhood/
  21. https://www.rspb.org.uk/birds-and-wildlife/advice/gardening-for-wildlife/animal-deterrents/cats-and-garden-birds/cat-deterrents/
  22. http://pss.uvm.edu/ppp/articles/cats.htm
  23. https://www.azhumane.org/wp-content/uploads/Cat-Deterants.pdf
  24. https://www.rspb.org.uk/birds-and-wildlife/advice/gardening-for-wildlife/animal-deterrents/cats-and-garden-birds/cat-deterrents/
  25. https://www.alleycat.org/resources/how-to-live-with-cats-in-your-neighborhood/

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